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The global automotive industry is largely powered by fossil fuels. Cars, trucks, and other types of vehicles run on gasoline or diesel fuel. The energy used to power these vehicles comes from fossil-fueled vehicles or coal-fired power plants. This presents a big risk: If the global demand for automobiles continues to grow at its current pace, there will be a significant increase in carbon emissions as a result.
A fully electric bus would lower carbon emissions and increase public health while also making transport more accessible and affordable for everyone. In the near future, these buses may become a reality due to the increasing presence of electric vehicles (EVs).
Lower carbon emissions
In order to meet the ambitious goals of the Paris climate agreement, CO2 emissions from the automotive sector must be drastically reduced. Achieving this goal will require an investment in clean, affordable and reliable electric vehicles. This can only be achieved if the industry works together to adopt the necessary regulations. The goal for passenger vehicles should be to reduce CO2 emissions by 40% compared to 2005 levels. The same should be done for heavy-duty vehicles, which are expected to emit up to 8% more carbon than the same year ago.
Public health benefit
EVs are more fuel efficient than traditional vehicles, which means they use less gas. In some areas of the world, particularly in Asia, gas is used as a primary energy source, accounting for 80% of total primary energy consumption. As a result, public health is greatly improved as people are no longer exposed to harmful emissions from vehicles.
Fully electric buses have a longer range
Fully electric buses have relatively long ranges compared to comparable buses that use traditional lead-acid batteries. The longest-range fully electric bus in the world is Switzerland’s RVBW, which has a range of 300 miles. The range of a fully electric bus can be increased by adding an extra battery cell.
Cleaner, quieter and more fuel efficient
Because there is no combustion or internal combustion engine involved, fully electric buses are cleaner and quieter than conventional vehicles. There are no harmful emissions such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and other pollutants released into the atmosphere as fuel is burned.
Fully electric buses can run on battery power for years
Like public health, battery-powered buses also have a long life. The average age of a fleet of road vehicles is about 15 years. It is predicted that by 2027, nearly 50% of all new vehicles sold will be electric. Buses are expected to follow this trend because they do not require routine maintenance as combustion engines do.